張翔

職稱:兼任教授
加州大學洛杉磯分校電機博士
shyang@ee.nthu.edu.tw
開設課程:針灸與近代科學、中藥與近代科技

學經歷

  • Dr. Shyang Chang received the B. S. degree in nuclear engineering from National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R. O. C., the M. S. degree in physics from Texas A&M University, Kingsville, and the Ph. D. degree in electrical engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1973, 1977, and 1984, respectively.

歷任職稱

  • 清華大學電機系副教授、教授、榮譽退休教授

專長領域

  • In 1984 and 1985, he was a Member of the technical Staff, Bell Communications Research, Red Bank, NJ. Since 1985, he has been with the National Tsing Hua University, where he is currently a Professor of electrical engineering department. His research interests are in the areas of acupuncture, biomedical engineering, chaotic wave theory of fractal continuum, dynamical systems, mathematization of Chinese medicine and physics, and the Grand Unified Medicine.

論文著作 / 通識相關活動紀錄

  • H. Twu, W. T. Chen, F. J. Chang and S. Chang, 1988, “Chattering Alleviation of Variable Structure Control for a Certain Class of Nonlinear Systems,” Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 573-579 (SCI)
  • H. Lai and S. Chang, 1988, “Estimation of 3-D Translational Motion Parameters via Hadamard Transform,” Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 8, pp. 341-345. (SCI)
  • W. Fu and S. Chang, 1989, “A Motion Estimation Algorithm under Time-Varying Illumination,” Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 10, pp. 195-199. (SCI)
  • H. Chu, J. H. Chou and S. Chang, 1990, “Chaos from Third-Order Phase-Locked-Loops with a Slowing Varying Parameter,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems, vol. 37, No. 9, pp. 1104-1115. (SCI, EI)
  • J. Chang, H. J. Liao and S. Chang, 1990, “Position Control of DC Motors via Variable Structure System Control: a Chattering Alleviation Approach,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol. 37, No. 6, pp.452-459. (SCI, EI)
  • J. Chang, S. H. Twu and S. Chang, 1990, “Adaptive Chattering Alleviation of Variable Structure System Control,” IEE Proceeding, Pt. D, vol. 1, pp. 31-39. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Chou, Y. H. Chu and S. Chang, 1991, “Chaos in Phase-Locked-Loops,” Electronics Letters, vol. 27, No. 9, pp. 750-751. (SCI, EI)
  • M. Chen and S. Chang, 1991, “State and Parameter Estimation for Dynamic Systems with Colored Noise:an Accuracy Approach Based on the Minimum Discrepancy Measure,” IEEE Trans. on Automatic Control, vol. 36, No. 7, pp. 813-823. (SCI, EI)
  • Y. Chang and S. Chang, 1991, “Parameter Estimator Based on a Minimum Discrepancy Criterion: A Bayesian Approach,” IEEE Trans. on Information Theory, vol. 37, No. 6., pp. 1671-1675. (SCI, EI)
  • M. Chen, C. Y. Chang and S. Chang, 1991, “Autoregressive Moving-Average Modeling of Atmospheric Turbulence,” Transactions of Aeronautical Society of the Republic of China, Vol. 23, No.2, pp.131-138.
  • H. Chu, J. H. Chou and S. Chang, 1991, “Reply to Comments on Chaos from Third-Order Phase-Locked- Loops with a Slowly Varying Parameter,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems, vol. 38, No. 6, p. 678. (SCI, EI)
  • W. Fu, S. H. Lai and S. Chang, 1992, “Motion Parameter Estimation in Three-Dimensional Dynamic Scenes: a Hadamard Transform Approach,” Journal of Information Science and Engineering, 8, 321-341. (SCI)
  • C. Chen and S. Chang, 1992, “Output Tracking Design of Affine Nonlinear Plant via Variable Structure System,” IEEE Trans. on Automatic Control, Vol. 37, No. 11, pp. 1823-1828. (SCI)
  • H. Chen and S. Chang, 1992, “A Video Tracking System with Adaptive Predictors,” Pattern Recognition, Vol. 25, No. 10, pp. 1171-1180. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Yen and S. Chang, 1992, “An Improved Winner-Takes-All Neural Network,” Electronics Letters, vol. 28, No. 7, pp. 662-663. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Twu, F. J. Chang and S. Chang, 1992, “Bifurcation Analysis of Resistive Superconducting Rings,” Physics Letters A, vol. 163, No. 5, pp. 455-459. (SCI)
  • C. Chen, P. L. Lin and S. Chang, 1992, “Design of Output Tracking via Variable Structure System: for Plants with Redundant Inputs,” IEE Proceedings, Pt. D, vol. 139, No.4, pp. 421-428. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Yen, F. J. Chang and S. Chang, 1992, “A New Architecture for Motion-Compensated Image Coding,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 357-366. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Lai, C. W. Fu and S. Chang, 1992, “A Generalized Depth Estimation Algorithm with a Single Image,” IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 405-411. (SCI, EI)
  • J. Chang, S. H. Twu and S. Chang, 1992, “Tracking Control of DC Motors via an Improved Chattering Alleviation Control,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 29-29. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Chou, S. H. Twu and S. Chang, 1993, “Chaos and Bifurcation of a Nonlinear Oscillator with Tunnel Diode,” Journal of Control System and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 27-32. (EI)
  • C. Chen and S. Chang, 1993,“Variable Structure Control of Multivariable Affine System,” Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol.16, No. 3, pp. 307-321. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Wu, R. M. Chen and S. Chang, 1993, “An Analog Architecture on Parameter Estimation of ARMA Models,” IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, Vol. 41, No.9, pp. 2946-2953. (SCI, EI)
  • J. Chang, S. H. Twu and S. Chang, 1993, “Global Bifurcation and Chaos from Automatic Gain Control Loops,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 403-411. (SCI, EI)
  • L. Lee and S. Chang, 1993, “Neural Networks for Routing of Communication Networks with Unreliable Components,” IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 854-863. (SCI, EI)
  • Lin and S. Chang, 1993, “A Shortest Path Algorithm for a Nonrotating Body among Obstacles of Arbitrary Shapes,” IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 825-833. (SCI, EI)
  • M. Chen and S. Chang, 1993, “The Minimum Discrepancy Measure: Its Use in Univariate White Noise Test,” IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, Vol. 41, No.2, pp. 935-939. (SCI)
  • W. Fu, J. C. Yen and S. Chang, 1993, “Calculation of Moment Invariants via Hadamard Transform,” Pattern Recognition, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 287-294. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Chen and S. Chang, 1994, “An Adaptive Competitive Conciencious Learning Algorithm and its Applications,” Pattern Recognition, Vol 27, No. 12, pp. 1787-1813. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Yen, F. J. Chang and S. Chang, 1994, “A New Winners-Take-All Architecture in Artificial Neural Networks,” IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 838-843. (SCI, EI)
  • M. Wang, J.C. Yen and S. Chang, 1994, “Zero Waiting-Cycle Hierachical Block Matching Algorithm and Its Array Architecture,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol.4, No. 1, pp.18-28. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Chen and S. Chang, 1995, “An Adaptive Learning Algorithm for Principal Component Analysis,” IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 6, No. 5, pp. 1255-1263. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Yen, F. J. Chang, and S. Chang, 1995, “A New Criterion for Automatic Mutilevel Thresholding,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 370-378. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Liu and S. Chang, 1997, “Dimension Estimation of Discrete-Time Fractional Brownian Motion with Application to Image Texture Classification,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol. 6, No. 8, pp. 1176-1184. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Liu, C. W. Fu and S. Chang, 1998, “Statistical Change Detection with Moments under Time-Varying Illumination,” IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol. 7, No. 9, pp. 1258-1268. (SCI, EI)
  • Chang, Y. C. Chang and C. Y. Chang, 1998, “A Minimum Discrepancy Estimator in Parameter Estimation,” IEEE Trans. on Inform. Theory, Vol. 44, No.7, pp. 2930-2942. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Chu and S. Chang, 1999, “Dynamic Data Encryption System Based on Synchronized Chaotic Systems,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 35, No.4, pp. 271-273. (SCI, EI)
  • H. Chu and S. Chang, 1999, “Dynamic Cryptography Based on Synchronized Chaotic Systems,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 35, No.12, pp. 974-975. (SCI, EI)
  • Chang, S. T. Mao, T. P. Kuo, S. J. Hu, W. C. Lin, and C. L. Cheng, 1999, “Fractal Geometry in Urodynamics of Lower Urinary Tract,” The Chinese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 41, No.4, pp. 25-31. (SCI)
  • Chang, S. T. Mao, S. J. Hu, W. C. Lin, and C. L. Cheng, 2000, “Studies of Detrusor-Sphincter Synergia and Dyssynergia during micturition in rats via Fractional Brownian Motions,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering , Vol. 47, No. 8, pp. 1066–1073. (SCI, EI)
  • C. Chang and S. Chang, 2001,“The Entropy of Discrete-Time Fractional Gaussian Noise and its Application to the Electromyogram of External Urethral Sphincter Signals,” Biomed Eng Appl Basis Comm, pp. 256-261. (EI)
  • C. Chang and S. Chang, 2002, “A Fast Estimation Algorithm on the Hurst Parameter of Discrete-Time Fractional Brownian Motion,” IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 554-559. (SCI, EI)
  • H.-Y. Cheng, and S. Chang, 2003,”Characterization of Internal Rotation of Monorotor Molecules via Bifurcation Analysis,” Chem. Phys. Lett., Vol. 373, pp.62-67. (SCI)
  • H.-Y. Cheng, C.-J. Lai, and S. Chang, 2003,” Bifurcation analysis of the trans <-> cis rotation of monorotor molecules ” J. Chin. Chem. Soc -TAIP 50 (3B): 557-563. (Special Issue of Second Worldwide Chinese Theoretical and Computational Chemistry Conference) (SCI)
  • M.-C. Hsyu and S. Chang , 2003, “On the Studies of Detrusor-Sphincter Synergia of Wistar Rats via Karhunen-Loève Expansion,” Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering, Vol. 23(1) pp. 29-35.
  • H.-Y. Cheng, S. Chang, and P.-Y. Tsai, 2004, “On the “Brown-Ring Reaction Product via Density Functional Theory”, J. Phys. Chem. A, Vol. 108, pp. 358-361.
  • Chang, S. J. Hu, and W. C. Lin, 2004, “Fractal dynamics and synchronization of rhythms in urodynamics of female Wistar rats,” Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol. 139, Issue: 2, pp. 271-279.
  • -Y. Cheng, and S. Chang, 2005, “Density functional theory of the iron-nitrosyl (S=3/2) complex.” International Journal of Quantum Chemistry ,105 (5), pp 511-517 (SCI)
  • -Y. Cheng, and S. Chang, 2005, “Study of the [Cr(H2O)5NO]2+ complex via density functional theory.” Journal of The Chinese Chemical Society ,52 (3), pp 415-420 (SCI)
  • -Y. Cheng, and S. Chang, 2005, “On the [Fe(H2O)5XO]2+ (X=C, N, O) complex ions via density functional theory.” Journal of Molecular Structure-Theochem ,724 (1-3), pp 209-214 (SCI)
  • -Y. Cheng, S. Chang, and W. C. Liao, 2006, ”Studies of the [Cr(CN)5NO]3− and [Cr(NH3)5NO]2+ complex ions via density functional theory.” Journal of Molecular Structure-Theochem 776 (1-3), pp 77-82 (SCI)
  • Chang, S. J. Li, M. J. Chiang, S. J. Hu, and M. C. Hsyu, 2007, “Fractal Dimension Estimation via Spectral Distribution Function and Its Application to Physiological Signals.” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. Vol. 54, Issue 10, pp. 1895-1898, (SCI)
  • Chang, W. L. Chao, M. J. Chiang, S. J. Li, Y. T. Lu, C. M. Ma, H. Y. Cheng, and S. H. Hsieh, 2008, “Effects of Acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) of the Pericardial Meridian on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability.” The Chinese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 51, No.3, pp. 167-177. (SCI) (針灸對血壓及心律變異度的作用,可証偽西方神經科學中對血壓及自主神經系統中的基本信念)
  • Chang, M. C. Hsyu, H. Y. Cheng, S. H. Hsieh, and C. C. Lin, 2008, “Synergic Co-activation in Forearm Pronation.” Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 36, pp. 2002-2018. (SCI)
  • Chang, M. C. Hsyu, H. Y. Cheng, and S. H. Hsieh, 2008, “Synergic Co-activation of Muscles in Elbow Flexion via Fractional Brownian Motion.” The Chinese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 376-386. (SCI) (此文可証偽西方神經科學中的交互抑制信念)
  • Chang, Z. G. Chang, S. J. Li, M. J. Chiang, C. M. Ma, H. Y. Cheng, and S. H. Hsieh, 2009, “Effects of Acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) on Electroencephalogram.” The Chinese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 1-7. (SCI) (針灸對中樞神經系統的作用,可証偽西方神經科學中腦功能的一些基本信念)
  • Chang, M. J. Chiang, S. J. Li, S. J. Hu, H. Y. Cheng, S. H. Hsieh, C. L. Cheng, 2009, “The Cooperative Phenomenon of Autonomic Nervous System in Urine Storage for Wistar Rats.” The Chinese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 72-80. (SCI) (驗証交感、副交感神經是協和而非拮抗作用)
  • Chang, S. J. Li, S. J. Hu, H. Y. Cheng, S. H. Hsieh, C. L. Cheng, 2009, “Dynamical Performance Evaluation on the Synergy of Micturition in Spinal Cord-injured Female Rats under Pharmacological Effects.” The Chinese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 81-92. (SCI)
  • Chang, 2010, “Physiological Rhythms, Dynamical Diseases and Acupuncture.” The Chinese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 53, No. 2, pp.77-90. (SCI) (提出經絡實質及針灸作用機制)
  • Chang, 2011, “Fractional Brownian motion and Blackbody Radiation.” The Chinese Journal of Physics, Vol. 49, No. 3, pp.752-758. (SCI) (提出一個不需能量量子化之黑體輻射公式,以分形布朗運動一統原子、分子、量子學說,之後再証明分形布朗運動實為分形連續體渾沌波理論 (chaotic wave theory of fractal continuum)而非原子學說)
  • Chang, 2011, “ Hypertension: A Comparative Review Based on Fractal Wave Theory of Continuum.” Adaptive Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.91-98. (血壓實是一隨機場 (random field),隨時隨地均動態變化,以當今血壓量取法,會產生極大誤差。況且人體的血液是一個如何分配的問題,而非關壓力的問題。此評論文章詳細此較中西醫對此問題的看法,並引用著作(53, 59) 的數據,確認中醫之針灸療法較西醫方法更為合理)
  • Chang, 2012, “The meridian system and mechanism of acupuncture-A comparative review. Part 1: The meridian system.” Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp.506-514. (基於“分形連續體混沌波動論”,提出經絡實質、針灸機制三篇比較評論之第一部份:經絡實質。)
  • Chang, 2013, “The meridian system and mechanism of acupuncture—A comparative review. Part 2: Mechanism of acupuncture analgesia.” Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp.14-24. (基於“分形連續體混沌波動論”,提出經絡實質、針灸機制三篇比較評論之第二部份: 針刺鎮痛機制。)
  • Chang, 2013, “The meridian system and mechanism of acupuncture-A comparative review. Part 3: Mechanisms of acupuncture therapies.” Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp.171-184. (基於 “分形連續體混沌波動論”,提出經絡實質、針灸機制三篇比較評論之第三部份: 針刺為何能治百病。)
  • Mario Bernardo Filho, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Pedro J Marin, Shyang Chang, 2014, “The Mechanism of Auriculotherapy: A Case Report Based on the Fractal Structure of Meridian System” African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative medicines (AJTCAM), Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 30-37. (基於“分形連續體混沌波動論”所提出之經絡實質以統一耳針及體針其實為同一機制。)
  • Mario Bernardo-Filho, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Alexandre de Gusmão Pedrini, Shyang Chang, 2014, “Alleviation of Symptoms in Blepharitis with Acupuncture and Vibration in an Oscillating Platform: A Case Report”, Adaptive Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 32-37. (基於“分形連續體混沌波動論”所提出之經絡實質以證實針腳可以治眼病。)
  • Deise Elisabete de Souza, Daisy L.M. França, Vasco Senna-Fernandes, Danúbia da Cunha Sá-Caputo, Sergio Guilhon, Ailton Alexandre Vieira dos Santos, Severo de Paoli, Giuseppe Antonio Presta, Shyang Chang, Mario Bernardo Filho, 2014, “On the Interconnectedness of Meridian System and Zang-Fu: A Comparative Review and Its Implications”, Adaptive Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 41-48. (評論臟腑和經絡之關係。)
  • Chang, 2015, “Needham’s grand question: its accurate answer and the mathematical principles of Chinese natural philosophy and medicine.” Tang[Humanitas Medicine], Vol. 5, No. 2, pp.1-14. (此文提出“李約瑟難題”之正確解答。基於“分形連續體混沌波動論”之 “中華自然哲學之數學原理”可將中國哲學、醫學、科學融為一體。)

開設課程

  • 針灸與近代科學
  • 中藥與近代科技
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